Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a common condition affecting up to 10% of the whole population. Your blood pressure is a measure of how hard your blood presses against the walls of your large arteries.
Early diagnosis and early treatment are key to bring your blood pressure under control. If hypertension remains untreated it can lead to:
All adults should have their blood pressure checked regularly.
If your blood pressure is found to be high, it will need to be closely monitored until it is brought under control. In the first instance this will involve lifestyle changes such as:
In some cases, despite lifestyle changes, medication will be required to achieve your target blood pressure and here at the London Cardiac Group our experts are highly trained to assess and treat all patients with hypertension or suspected hypertension.
You are considered to have hypertension if your blood pressure readings are consistently above the target of 140/85. The target blood pressure if you have diabetes is lower than this.
Your Cardiologist will want to make a thorough assessment of your associated risk factors such as age, history of diabetes, smoking, your cholesterol and your family history.
There are a number of personal factors that can lead to hypertension such as:
You will also need some basic blood tests, an ECG and also, usually, an echocardiogram.
In some cases it will be necessary to perform a 24 hour blood pressure monitor to either help make the diagnosis or assess the effectiveness of treatment.